Far from zen: Japan monk sues temple for overwork

Far from zen: Japan monk sues temple for overwork
PHOTO: AFP

A Japanese monk is suing his temple, claiming he was forced to work non-stop catering to visiting tourists and that the heavy workload gave him depression, his lawyer told AFP on Thursday.

The monk in his forties is seeking 8.6 million yen ($78,000) from his temple on Mount Koya, a World Heritage Site also known as Koyasan that regarded as one of the most sacred Buddhist sites in Japan.

The plaintiff began working at a temple there in 2008 and became depressed around December 2015, according to his lawyer Noritake Shirakura.

"If you work as a monk, too often you work without work-hour management," Shirakura told AFP.

"You provide labour, but you are told it's part of religious training. And if it's training, you must endure even it causes you significant hardship."

"Through this case, we will argue that such a notion is outdated," he said.

Shirakura declined to name his client or the temple being sued, saying the man wanted to preserve his anonymity so he could eventually return to his job or find a position elsewhere in the small community of Buddhist monks.

The case argues that the monk was forced to perform paid labour far beyond his spiritual duties, and at times worked for more than two months straight.

Also read: Death by overwork: Japan's 100-hour overtime cap sparks anger

Death by overwork in Japan

  • Open gallery

    Japan's first white paper on karoshi (death by overwork) showed 22.7 per cent of 1,743 companies surveyed

  • Open gallery

    had employees who in the past year worked more than 80 hours of overtime in a month, the government's threshold for karoshi.

  • Open gallery

    Japan officially recognises two types of karoshi: death from cardiovascular illness linked to overwork, and suicide following work-related mental stress.

  • Open gallery

    The survey also found that one in five Japanese workers faced the risk of dying from overwork.

  • Open gallery
  • Open gallery

    Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had embarked on a wide-reaching campaign to reform Japan's employment laws, which could include stiffer overtime regulation for companies.

  • Open gallery

    The government launched its Premium Friday campaign, encouraging firms to let workers out a few hours early on the last Friday of the month.

  • Open gallery

    Beyond easing the personal toll on workers, the government has the economy in mind.

  • Open gallery

    As the labor pool shrinks along with the population, it wants firms to reduce hours to encourage more women to work and get fathers more involved in bringing up children.

In 2015, when the Koyasan area celebrated its 1,200th anniversary, he was forced to work for up to 64 days in a row to handle a surge of tourists to the site, Shirakura said.

Some days, he worked 17 hours straight, performing various temple functions including attending to visitors, the lawyer said.

The monk has already won the backing of a local labour bureau, which acknowledged that the long stretch of work days without holiday met the definition of overwork.

The case is a rare, public labour dispute involving the Japanese spiritual sector.

In 2017, Kyoto's renowned Higashi Honganji temple was forced to publicly apologise for failing to pay overtime compensation and engaging in work-place harassment.

Overwork is a major problem in Japan, and death by overwork is a recognised phenomenon that even has its own word in Japanese -- "karoshi."

A government report released last year found there had been 191 cases of "karoshi" in the 12 months to March 2017, and that more than seven per cent of Japanese employees logged over 20 hours of overtime a week.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's government has introduced reforms intended to tackle the problem of overwork, but family members who have lost loved ones to the problem argue the measures fall short.

Also read: Stressed out men in Japan stab themselves to avoid going to work

More about

Overwork
Your daily good stuff - AsiaOne stories delivered straight to your inbox
By signing up, you agree to our Privacy policy and Terms and Conditions.