A volcano near the Philippine capital spewed lava, ash and steam, and trembled constantly on Tuesday (Jan 14), the third day of an eruption that could portend a much bigger and dangerous eruption, officials warned as tens of thousands of people fled ash-blanketed villages in the danger zone.
The continuing restiveness of the Taal volcano after it rumbled to life on Sunday indicates that magma may still be rising to the crater, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said.
It raised the alert level to four, indicating a hazardous eruption is possible in hours to days. level five, the highest, means such an eruption is underway.
The volcano was spurting fountains of red-hot lava 500m into the sky with dark grey plumes of ash-laden steam that reached 2km high. The massive volcanic column at times flashed with streaks of lightning.
More than 200 earthquakes have been detected in and around Taal, 81 of which were felt with varying intensities.
"Such intense seismic activity probably signifies continuous magmatic intrusion beneath the Taal edifice, which may lead to further eruptive activity," the volcanology institute said.
The picturesque volcano in the middle of a lake in Batangas province south of Manila rumbled to life on Sunday in a powerful explosion that blasted a 15km column of ash, steam and pebbles into the sky. Clouds of volcanic ash blowing over Manila, 65km to the north, closed the country's main airport on Sunday and part of Monday until the ash fall eased.
The government's disaster response agency counted more than 30,400 evacuees in Batangas and nearby Cavite provinces. Officials expected the number to swell.
Government work was suspended and schools closed in a wide swath of towns and cities, including Manila, because of the health risks from the ash. The eruption has not directly caused deaths or major damage. The death of a driver in a crash on an ash-covered road was linked to slippery conditions.
The small island where the 311 metres volcano lies has long been designated a "permanent danger zone," though fishing villages have long existed there. Those villages were all evacuated, though volcanology officials have called for a total evacuation of endangered communities within a 14km radius of Taal.
The volcano's last disastrous eruption in 1965 killed hundreds of people. It is second-most restive of about two dozen active volcanoes in the Philippines, which lies along the Pacific "Ring of Fire," where most of the world's seismic activity occurs.
A long-dormant volcano, Mount Pinatubo, blew its top north of Manila in 1991 in one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the 20th century, killing hundreds of people.