Vietnam has deployed soldiers and forced residents of its biggest city to stay in their homes in recent weeks, in its most drastic measures yet to fight an outbreak that has shattered what was one of the world's best containment records.
"We cannot resort to quarantine and lockdown measures forever, as it will cause difficulty for the people and the economy," Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh said late Wednesday.
Aggressive contact tracing and quarantine procedures in the country of 98 million people had succeeded in keeping the virus under control for over a year, but the highly contagious Delta variant has hit Vietnam hard.
Total cases jumped from just a few thousand in late April to 480,000 at present, with more than 12,000 deaths, with Ho Chi Minh City by far the worst hit. Authorities reported 13,197 infections and 271 fatalities on Thursday (Sept 2).
Restrictions were causing "material and mental hardship," Chinh said while meeting experts to hear ideas on fighting the virus.
The measures have also forced companies in labour-intensive businesses, including suppliers for brands like Nike and Adidas, to suspend operations.
Vietnam's industrial output in August fell 7.4 per cent from a year earlier, while its exports dropped 5.4 per cent. Retail sales of goods and services plunged 33.7 per cent, according to official figures.
Chinh said preventing deaths was top priority and vaccinations were a key strategic measure.
Just 2.9 per cent of Vietnam's population have been inoculated, while its fatality rate of 2.5 per cent is higher than the global rate of 2.1 per cent, according to the health ministry.
"The Covid-19 pandemic is evolving in a complicated and unpredictable manner and may last for a long time," Chinh said.