Former self-help guru Keith Raniere was a "predator" who preyed on young women, including a 15-year-old girl, and turned them into sex slaves as part of a cultlike organisation, a federal prosecutor told a jury at the start of his trial on Tuesday.
"The defendant took advantage of them emotionally and sexually," Assistant US Attorney Tanya Hajjar said in US District Court in Brooklyn. "He sold himself as the smartest, most ethical person in the world … He compared himself to Einstein and to Gandhi."
But defence lawyer Marc Agnifilo told jurors that all the women joined his client's NXIVM group voluntarily and that Raniere was merely a tough taskmaster, not an abusive criminal mastermind.
"This is something these people signed up for," Agnifilo said. "Control can be very bad. Control can also make Marines. Control can make gold medal winners."
Raniere, 58, is accused of recruiting women to join his organisation and then exercising total dominion over them - forcing them to have sex with him, restricting their diets and branding them with his initials.
Raniere has pleaded not guilty to charges of sex trafficking, child pornography and other crimes and faces life in prison if convicted.
Some of his alleged "slaves", as well as members of his inner circle, are expected to testify at the trial, which could last up to six weeks.
While prosecutors have not publicly released a witness list, former Smallville star Allison Mack and Seagram liquor heiress Clare Bronfman have already pleaded guilty to related crimes, as well as three other women accused of involvement in Raniere's scheme.
The first witness, a 32-year-old British woman who used only her first name, "Sylvie", to protect her identity, detailed how she was gradually drawn into Raniere's orbit over more than a decade after meeting Bronfman as a teenager.
In 2015, she said, a member of the group named Monica Duran offered her a chance to become Duran's "slave" as part of a new programme that would help her overcome her fears.
Sylvie was asked to turn over "collateral": a letter to her parents claiming she was a prostitute. Eventually, she said, Duran instructed her to "seduce" Raniere, and she complied, starting with texts and progressing to nude photographs.
The "master-slave programme", as Sylvie called it, was a secret sorority known as DOS, an acronym for a Latin phrase that roughly means "master of the obedient female companions", according to prosecutors.
"Slaves" like Sylvie were expected to obey "masters" in a pyramidlike structure, with Raniere standing alone at the top as the only man. The women were required to hand over compromising material, such as nude photos, and Raniere threatened to expose them unless they followed his orders, prosecutors said.
Raniere's victims included three Mexican sisters, one of whom was only 15, according to prosecutors. The government plans to introduce explicit photographs of the youngest sister seized from Raniere's computer as evidence.
Another sister was confined to a room for two years, Hajjar said.
Agnifilo, however, said the woman had a consensual relationship with Raniere and was free to leave at any time.
The trial caps a bizarre saga for Raniere, who was arrested in March 2018 after fleeing to Mexico with Bronfman.
NXIVM, which started under another name in 1998 and is pronounced "Nexium", was based in Albany, New York, and at one time operated numerous self-improvement centres across North and Central America.