World Wrestling Entertainment Inc was sued on Tuesday (Jan 11) by a smaller rival that accused it of violating federal antitrust law by monopolising the professional wrestling market.
MLW Media LLC accused WWE and its Chief Executive Vince McMahon of threatening content partners for doing business with MLW, to help protect its 85 per cent share of the US market for professional wrestling broadcasting rights.
The Mamaroneck, New York-based plaintiff said WWE's interference in 2021 caused Vice TV to end talks to air new MLW content, and led to a 40 per cent drop in ticket sales after Fox Corp's Tubi streaming service abandoned a licensing agreement the night before it was to be publicly announced.
MLW also accused Stamford, Connecticut-based WWE of inducing MLW wrestlers to break exclusive contracts and airing MLW footage without permission, to combat a five-year decline in the popularity of its own programs.
WWE's "pattern of predatory and exclusionary conduct" reduces competition and irreparably harms consumers by depriving them of content and keeping prices high, MLW said in its complaint filed in San Francisco federal court.
In an emailed statement, WWE said it believed MLW's claims had no merit and that it intended to vigorously defend itself. McMahon was not named as a defendant.
MLW said US television rights for two WWE programs, WWE Raw and WWE Smackdown, are worth US$470 million (S$634 million), while rights for MLW's most popular programme, Dynamite, are worth US$44 million.
The lawsuit seeks unspecified triple and other damages.
WWE shares closed Tuesday up 38 cents at US$51.54. They have risen nine per cent in the last year, while the Russell 1000, which includes WWE, is up 21 per cent.
The case is MLW Media LLC v World Wrestling Entertainment Inc, US District Court, Northern District of California, No. 22-00179.