Introduction, design, and improvements
All in on Apple Silicon
An old saying goes, “If you want to go fast, go alone.” And Apple has certainly proved that when it announced that Macs would transition to Apple’s custom silicon. As we all know by now, that move was a breakthrough.
M1 was Apple’s first custom processor and never in my years of writing about notebooks have I seen a processor that’s so powerful and efficient. In my review, I said it rewrote the notebook rulebook. So what did Apple do next? Naturally, it took the M1 chip and put it in the iPad Pro.
If there was anything that last year’s iPad Pro didn’t need more of, it was power. Even though its processor is based on a design from 2018, it’s still mighty fast and it continues to run rings around the competition.
And get this, Apple is claiming the new M1 iPad Pro to offer up to 50 per cent faster CPU performance and up to 40per cent faster GPU performance over last year’s model. That’s like adding ghost peppers to a very spicy mala dish or another 1,000hp to a Bugatti Chiron – you get the idea.
I know some people are hoping for a redesign since the iPad Pro has l ooked the same since 2018 when it underwent a massive overhaul. It still looks nice though I would have preferred a redesigned chassis with squared-off corners to bring its overall aesthetic in line with the new iPhones and iMac.
At any rate, the iPad Pro is still available in two sizes: 11 and 12.9 inches. They have flat sides, curved corners, and look pretty much like thin slabs of glass. The new 11-inch iPad Pro even has the same dimensions as last year’s model. The buttons and ports are all in the same places.
The larger 12.9-inch model, on the other hand, is 0.5mm thicker and about 40g heavier because it has a new type of display. Although you don't notice it in your hands, the added thickness means it might face compatibility issues with some accessories, especially if the tolerances are tight.
And although Apple said the new model might not fit the Magic Keyboard it designed for last year’s 12.9-inch iPad Pro, I got my unit to fit with no issues. It looks perfectly fine even when it closed. However, your mileage might vary.
The 11-inch model, however, will work with and fit all existing accessories. Both iPad Pros still have the same magnetic mount on their sides for users to pair and charge second-generation Apple Pencils.
Liquid Retina XDR
The 12.9-inch iPad Pro features a new Liquid Retina XDR display. The XDR suffix is only applied to Apple’s best displays and the 12.9-inch iPad Pro’s display is supposed to mimic the performance of the Pro Display XDR. It uses mini-LED technology and relies on over 10,000 tiny LEDs behind the display to provide more precise lighting.
With this, Apple claims 1,000 nits of full-screen brightness and 1,600 nits of peak brightness when viewing HDR content, and an amazing 1,000,000:1 contrast ratio. Resolution is unchanged at 2732 x 2048 pixels and the display continues to support Apple's display technologies like True Tone and ProMotion.
It goes without saying that this new Liquid Retina XDR display is an outstanding one. Visuals are razor-sharp and colours look vibrant and lifelike. But to my eyes, I’m not seeing much of a difference between it and the last-generation iPad Pro.
Regardless of emails, surfing the web, typing this review, or the occasional YouTube and Netflix, the two are almost indistinguishable from each other. In fact, if I had to nitpick, I think I prefer the very slightly warmer tones of the old iPad Pro.
That said, there are apparent differences when you view specific HDR content. It's more obvious in some images and less so in others. But with the right content, the new iPad Pro's Liquid Retina XDR is noticeably more vivid and contrasty.
There’s greater dynamic range so you see a greater range of shades between the brightest whites and deepest blacks. I’m sure some professionals will appreciate this, but for casual users who spend more time replying to emails, typing documents, and watching videos,
I think this new display’s capabilities will be largely unappreciated. And I don’t mean that as a disparagement of the new Liquid Retina XDR display. On the contrary, the Liquid Retina display of last year’s iPad Pro remains to be very good.
Here are some samples that I tried to capture with my camera. The differences are best appreciated with your own eyes but hopefully this will give readers an idea of what to expect.
Other improvements: 5G, Thunderbolt, improved TrueDepth camera
As befits Apple’s greatest tablets, the new iPad Pros are the first iPads to support 5G connectivity. My opinions on 5G hasn’t changed. Though 5G is irrefutably faster, its patchiness, combined with our already excellent 4G performance, means it isn’t a killer feature. At least not until the really fast version of 5G – mmWave – becomes commonplace here.
I tested the iPad Pro's 5G performance briefly using a Singtel-supplied SIM card and it was no contest – 5G was nearly twice as fast in both download and upload.
The newest iPad Pros are also the first iPads to have a USB-C Thunderbolt port. The benefits are numerous. The fast 40Gbps bandwidth aside, the Thunderbolt port also lets you pair these new iPad Pros with high-end Thunderbolt accessories like docks, external storage, and displays. It’s a much more versatile port.
The front-facing TrueDepth camera has also been upgraded. It now has over 70per cent more resolution (12MP up from 7MP) and a wide 122° field of view. The wide field of view enables a new camera-tracking feature called Centre Stage.
Using machine-learning and taking advantage of the wide field of view, Centre Stage tracks subjects and keeps them in the middle of the frame even as they move about. And if someone else joins in on the call, it’s intelligent enough to zoom out and reframe itself.
In practice, what’s really happening with Centre Stage is that the iPad Pro is using its wide field of view and automatically zooming and cropping into the subject, and adjusting as it moves around. The resultant footage has the same field of view as last year's iPad Pro.
In other words, the camera isn’t physically panning – so if you keep moving in one direction, it’s possible to move entirely out of frame. Still, I can foresee it being an invaluable tool for virtual presentations. Happily, Centre Stage isn’t limited to just FaceTime, Apple is allowing teleconferencing apps like Zoom and Webex to take advantage of this feature too.
But because what we are seeing is a crop, I do find that image quality isn’t significantly better when compared to the last-generation iPad Pro. If the lighting is challenging, images can look noisy. Still, the M1 chip's image signal processor appears to be more adept at adjusting white balance and tones so colours look more natural.
The rear cameras are the same, so you have a 12MP f/1.8 wide camera, a 10MP f/2.4 ultra wide camera, and a lidar sensor that’s handy for AR applications. Image quality is indistinguishable from last year’s iPad Pro.
Finally, Apple also released a new white version of its Magic Keyboard for iPad Pro. Functionally, it's identical to the last year's version except that it comes in white. It's fantastic to type on and the trackpad is nearly faultless. But as good as it looks with the silver iPad Pro,
I have concerns about keeping it clean. I've only had it for a few days and I haven't been going out (hello Phase 2 Heightened Alert) but I've already got some stains developing that won't come off without significant elbow grease. If you really have to go with white, I suggest decorating it with stickers.
Now powered by M1
Apple's newest iPad Pros are now powered by the amazing M1 processor. First unveiled last year, the M1 is now found in no less than five products: MacBook Air, 13-inch MacBook Pro, Mac Mini, the new 24-inch iMac, and this new iPad Pro.
Apple has revealed precious little about the specifics of the processor. I covered it in detail in my 13-inch M1 MacBook Pro review but it’s worth stating again the high-level highlights:
- Built on a 5nm process
- 16 billion transistors
- 8 CPU cores and 8 GPU cores
- 4 high-performance CPU cores, 4 high-efficiency CPU cores
- 16-core Neural Engine capable of 11 trillion operations per second
- Unified memory architecture
The secret sauce is said to be its unified memory architecture, which means its pool of fast memory is shared by all components of the chip. This negates the need for copying and moving data around and improves performance and power consumption.
Interestingly, the new iPad Pro will feature the most memory ever in an iPad. While last year models had 6GB of memory, this year's model that come with 128GB/256GB/512GB of storage will have 8GB of memory. The models with 1TB and 2TB storage will have 16GB of memory. The additional memory will be helpful for users who run memory-intensive modelling apps.
Anyhow, the topic of interest here is how it would perform in a form factor as thin as the iPad Pro. The iPad Pro is significantly thinner than any Mac and it doesn’t have active cooling, so I'm keen to see if the M1 chip will suffer from performance throttling.
Apple claims the M1 chip in the new iPad Pro will deliver up to 50% more CPU performance and up to 40% more GPU performance over the A12Z chip in last year’s iPad Pro. And looking at the charts below, their claims were mostly bang on.
On Geekbench 5, both single-core and multi-core results were almost exactly 50 per cent greater. And on JetStream 2, there’s an improvement of around 42 per cent. On 3DMark Wild Life Unlimited, results were about 36 per cent better.
Also fascinating to see is that the iPad Pro’s results on Geekbench 5, JetStream 2, and 3DMark Wild Life were identical to the 24-inch iMac, which is also powered by the M1 chip. This suggests that performance hasn’t been impeded by the iPad Pro’s thin form factor.
Our standard battery test for mobile phones has the following parameters:
- Looping a 720p video with screen brightness and volume at 100%
- Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity turned on
- Constant data streaming through email
Battery life was nearly identical. The newest 12.9-inch iPad Pro lasted 272 minutes or 4 hours and 32 minutes, which was about 10 minutes less than last year's 12.9-inch iPad Pro.
However, seeing that this year's model has a larger battery, it's clear that power consumption has gone up slightly. How much of it is due to the new mini-LED display or M1 chip is hard to say. Still, battery life is generally comparable to Apple's newest iPads.
The finest iPad yet
Did many owners of last year’s model complain about dawdling performance? If there were any, their prayers have been answered. The new iPad Pro is a beast. No other tablet comes close.
But no amount of performance can overcome the quirks of iPadOS. I know I belabour this point every time I write an iPad Pro review, but even the most experienced and fervent iPad Pro user will concede that iPadOS isn’t the most straightforward to use and that you need to develop your own workflows to get the best out of it.
ALSO READ: Apple says no plans to merge Mac and iPad
And I should know because I tried to replace my MacBook Pro with an iPad Pro and I didn’t get very far. Maybe I’m just an old dog trying to learn new tricks.
I recognise, however, that some readers grew up using iOS. If that’s the case, then perhaps iPadOS will come naturally to you. If you are comfortable with iPadOS, there’s no better iPad than this new iPad Pro.
It's not perfect. It's very expensive and battery life isn't great if you max out the screen brightness. But the display is peerless, performance is second to none, it’s immensely portable, it supports Thunderbolt 3 devices, and the new front-facing camera with Centre Stage is genuinely useful.
There’s no doubt this is Apple’s finest iPad yet but it comes with a hefty price tag. Prices start at $1,649 and it goes up quickly if you want more storage or 5G connectivity. The highest spec unit with 2TB of storage and cellular connectivity is a whopping $3,519. That's actually $170 more than a fully spec'ed out 13-inch M1 MacBook Pro.
Accessories cost a pretty penny too. The Apple Pencil (2nd generation) is S$189 while the Magic Keyboard is an eye-watering $519.
Even if you opt for third-party accessories, the final outlay will be considerable. If the iPad Pro is going to be your primary system, I think the investment will be worthwhile. But if you are like me and use an iPad mostly as a secondary device, then the iPad Air is the more level-headed option.
Ultimately, Apple’s latest iPad Pro feels like a flex. It’s a showcase of the versatility of the M1 chip – how it can power desktops, notebooks, and even tablets that are just 6.4mm thick. And as fantastic as this new iPad Pro is, the Mac user in me cannot help but be excited for Macs.
If Apple can get its M1 chip to run so fluidly in a form factor that’s this compact think about the possibilities for Macs. This new iPad Pro is great but it's a sign that the future of Macs could be even greater.
This article was first published in Hardware Zone.