HELSINKI/KHARKIV, Ukraine — Moscow warned Finland on Thursday (May 12) it would face consequences as it seeks to apply for Nato membership "without delay" and Ukraine said it had damaged a Russian navy logistics ship in the Black Sea, where there has been renewed fighting in recent days.
The Vsevolod Bobrov vessel was near Snake Island, close to Ukraine's sea border with Romania, spokesman Serhiy Bratchuk for the Odesa regional military administration in southern Ukraine said.
"Thanks to the actions of our naval seamen, the support vessel Vsevolod Bobrov caught fire — it is one of the newest in the Russian fleet," Bratchuk said.
Reuters could not independently verify the details. Russia's defence ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Its Black Sea flagship, the Moskva, sunk last month.
Finland's plan to apply for Nato membership, announced on Thursday, and the expectation that Sweden will follow, would bring about the expansion of the Western military alliance that Russian President Vladimir Putin aimed to prevent.
Abandoning the neutrality they maintained throughout the Cold War would be one of the biggest shifts in European security in decades.
Moscow called Finland's announcement hostile and threatened retaliation, including unspecified "military-technical" measures.
"Helsinki must be aware of the responsibility and consequences of such a move," said the foreign ministry.
Russian officials have spoken in the past about potential measures including stationing nuclear-armed missiles on the Baltic Sea.
Nato Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said the Finns would be "warmly welcomed" and promised a "smooth and swift" accession process.
The White House backed such a move.
"We would support a Nato application by Finland and-or Sweden should they apply," said press secretary Jen Psaki.
Russia faced a further setback on the battlefield as Ukraine drove its troops out of the region around the second largest city Kharkiv, the fastest advance since forcing the Kremlin's forces from Kyiv and the northeast over a month ago.
The United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council passed a resolution to set up an investigation into possible war crimes by Russian troops in the Kyiv area and beyond, a move that the Kremlin said amounted to political score-settling.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet said there were many examples of possible war crimes, including unlawful killings and summary executions.
Moscow denies deliberately attacking civilians.
'You caused this'
Finland's 1,300-km border will more than double the length of the frontier between the United States-led alliance and Russia, putting Nato guards a few hours' drive from the northern outskirts of St Petersburg.
"Finland must apply for Nato membership without delay," President Sauli Niinisto and Prime Minister Sanna Marin said in a joint statement.
Asked on Wednesday if Finland would provoke Russia by joining Nato, Niinisto said: "My response would be that you caused this. Look at the mirror."
Five diplomats and officials told Reuters that Nato allies expect both countries to be granted membership quickly, paving the way for an increased troop presence in the Nordic region to defend them during a one-year ratification period.
Putin cited Nato's potential expansion as one of the main reasons he launched a "special military operation" in Ukraine in February.
Nato describes itself as a defensive alliance, built around a treaty declaring that an attack on one member is an attack on all, granting United States allies the protection of Washington's superpower might including its nuclear arsenal.
Moscow regards that as a threat to its security. But Putin's decision to invade Ukraine has changed Nordic public opinion, with many now embracing the view that Russia is a menace.
Finland in particular has centuries of uneasy history in Russia's shadow.
Thursday also saw an intensification of disputes over Russian supplies of energy to Europe — still Moscow's biggest source of funds and Europe's biggest source of heat and power.
Moscow said it would halt gas flows to Germany through the main pipeline over Poland, while Kyiv said it would not reopen a pipeline route it shut this week unless it regains control of areas from pro-Russian fighters. Prices for gas in Europe surged.
Ukraine has spent 245.1 billion hryvnia (S$12 billion) on fighting the Russian invasion, the finance minister told Reuters on Thursday, reflecting the scale of spending on everything from buying and repairing weapons to support for millions of displaced people.
On the front lines, Ukraine has mounted a counter-offensive in recent days, ousting Russian forces from villages north and east of Kharkiv they had held since the start of the invasion.
Reuters journalists have confirmed that Ukraine is now in control of territory stretching to the banks of the Siverskiy Donets River, around 40 km east of Kharkiv.